It is not necessary to obtain a sick note from a Doctor unless you have been absent from work for more than 7 days (i.e. one working week).
The first 7 days:
For your first 7 days of sickness you can self certify.
There is a form you can collect from the reception at the Doctors surgery. Complete the form and hand it to your employer. The form is called a Statutory Sick Pay form or Employees Statement of sickness (form SC2).
After one week:
Once you have been off sick for more than 1 week you can obtain a sick note from the doctor.
You will need to be seen by the doctor to obtain a sick note unless you have been seen in the last 7 days with the same problem, if seen in the last 7 days this can often be done by a telephone consultation without you needing to be seen. Or if it is a continuing problem, a telephone consultation from the Doctor who saw you previously for the condition, again there may be no need for you to be seen.
If you have been in hospital a sick note is usually issued by the hospital doctor.
If you have e not been seen by a doctor before for the current problem and it is a continuing condition it is necessary that you are seen by a doctor in person at the surgery.
A doctor can back date a sick note if your sick note has expired or is due to be re-issued. Doctors are unable to back date a sick note if there is no evidence of sickness.
All sick notes will have an illness or relevant condition stated and a length of time the sick note is covering. Sick notes can be collected from reception at your convenience.